- Rumbling in the stomach
- Pain syndrome
- Hernial protrusion
The umbilical hernia implies a characteristic protrusion, concentrated in the navel, at which there is going beyond the limits of the anterior abdominal wall of the internal organs (intestine, omentum). An umbilical hernia, the symptoms of which differ in manifestation depending on belonging to a particular age group, may appear not only in babies, as is commonly believed, but also in adults.
Although the umbilical hernia has been studied sufficiently, it does not at all determine the solution for it of a problem concerning the prevention of primary occurrence, and, in fact, the prevention of recurrences (otherwise - relapses). An important feature of hernias is that when they reappear, the patient’s physical activity is substantially limited, and very tangible impairments occur, which, in turn, cause serious moral suffering. In particular, hernia becomes problematic for women during the postpartum period and for patients of elderly or old age.
As we have already noted initially, a hernia is in the general sense a protrusion, it occurs under the skin of an organ or implies its protrusion into another space possible for it. Under the umbilical hernia, respectively, refers to a hernia, the protrusion of which focuses within the navel.
The hernia has the following components: the hernial ring in the form of a hole, through which it is possible to leave the internal organs beyond the abdominal cavity (in this case, the umbilical ring), as well as the hernial bag, presented as a part of the shell, within which the “falling out” way bodies. In addition, the hernial sac also has hernial contents, which can be represented by any of the abdominal organs. As organs extending beyond the limits of the abdominal wall through the ring, a large omentum and intestine are defined.
Considering in general the characteristics of the course of such a disease as an umbilical hernia, emit congenital form of its manifestation and form acquired. As can be understood directly from these definitions, a congenital umbilical hernia appears immediately after birth, standing out as a spherical protrusion, which has a broad type of base with its subsequent transition to the umbilical cord. A cry of a child with a hernia leads to an increase in its size. Umbilical hernia acquired, in turn, determines the predisposition to its occurrence in older children and adults. In a separate order, you should also consider such a hernia as an embryonic umbilical hernia, which we will do a little lower.
Umbilical hernia in adults may manifest as straight hernia or hernia oblique. Straight hernias are formed due to the thinning of the transverse fascia directly adjacent to the umbilical ring. This implies the exit of the hernial bag to the subcutaneous tissue through the umbilical ring. As for oblique umbilical hernia, the protrusion here is formed either above the umbilical ring or under it, followed by passage through the slit located between the transverse fascia (i.e., the umbilical canal) and the white line of the abdomen, after which exit to the subcutaneous tissue occurs through the umbilical ring .
As for the manifestations of umbilical hernias, everything depends on the size of a particular hernia, the size of the hernia gate, the severity of the actual adhesion process, and whether the patient is accompanied by obesity.
Umbilical hernia can be adjustable or accordingly unmanaged. In the latter case, the hernial sac and surrounding tissues coalesce; this is ensured by adhesions. It also happens that umbilical hernias, if they have small sizes, do not deliver any anxiety to the patients, which is ensured by the sufficient width of the hernia gate with the simultaneous free possibility of its reduction.
At the same time, large-sized hernias and non-reversible (strangulated umbilical hernias) no longer act as an independent pathological formation, as a factor preventing the possibility of its contents moving along the intestines. Due to this reason, patients additionally experience certain inconveniences associated with the occurrence of constipation, they also have occasional pain, and in some cases, nausea and vomiting.
As we have already noted, age-relatedness determines the differences in the features of the manifestation of an umbilical hernia in children and adults, and these differences are significant, therefore we will consider both options somewhat later, to begin with, we’ll focus on the reasons that trigger the development of the umbilical hernia.
Umbilical Hernia Clinic
Manifestations of protrusion in the navel are visually noticeable and cause discomfort in the patient's heaviness, sometimes the stomach hurts and the digestive function is disturbed. Uncomplicated hernia proceeds favorably, preserving the integrity and functionality of the organ that fell into the hernial sac, but this does not always happen. Severe hernia is possible in the case of non-compliance with the prevention of complications, then the stomach rises, body temperature rises, general weakness appears, the navel does not set in place, and all this indicates a possible pinching of the organ.
Symptoms of the umbilical protrusion:
- The protrusion of the navel is the main and permanent symptom of the disease, as soon as it disappears, the person fully recovers. The bulging of the navel is easily reset by itself when a person takes a horizontal position or presses the navel with his fingers. When the hernia is repressed, a characteristic gurgling sound is heard. When the umbilical defect cannot be repositioned, the disease is automatically considered life-threatening and surgical treatment should be carried out,
- The appearance of discomfort in the area of the defect, the stomach hurts a little, but this phenomenon is not always present. The bulge and the stomach often hurts when physical exertion is performed or after a hearty meal,
- Violation of the intestines: the patient may appear constipation, nausea with vomiting, with severe stomach pain. If you treat only the accompanying symptoms, the disease will not get rid of them, only aggravating the manifestations. Symptomatic treatment is effective only after the hernia is removed, and the defect can be removed by surgery.
These symptoms are characteristic of an uncomplicated hernia, but in the event of incarceration the patient begins to suffer greatly, there are pronounced dysfunction of the organs of the abdominal cavity.
Manifestations of a strangulated hernia can be life-threatening, because as soon as one or two of the following symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor.
Severe manifestations of complicated umbilical hernia:
- The sharp poured pain, at the same time the abdominal cavity is affected, hurts both the area of defeat, and a back. Increased pain occurs with an increase in intrauterine pressure, which is typical for coughing, physical exertion, constipation and during pregnancy. Seduction of pain occurs only with complete rest, but not always, more often it is possible to eliminate this symptom only after the surgical treatment of the protrusion,
- Impaired function of the adjacent organs of the abdominal cavity and chest: tachycardia, dyspepsia, breathing heaviness, lowering blood pressure,
- Spastic pain in case of joining intestinal obstruction, hurts not only the stomach, but also in the groin and thighs,
- Single vomiting, which in the case of intestinal obstruction becomes constant, in severe cases, fecal masses are observed in vomiting,
- Violation of urination, gas retention, the appearance of blood in the urine, which must be treated surgically immediately.
Important! Prolonged infringement of a hernia leads to hernia sack phlegmon, then symptoms of edema and reddening of the skin in the affected area join, the stomach is sore, a severe intoxication of the body begins, which must be treated immediately.
Consider in more detail the common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract present in umbilical hernia:
- Intestinal obstruction is a frequent occurrence when a part of the intestine is trapped in the hernial sac. Such a condition is characterized by the complete or partial cessation of the movement of fecal masses through the intestines. Manifested abundant vomiting with fecal masses, frequent contractions of the intestine, gas and stool retention, diarrhea with blood. The patient becomes pale, the stomach swells, but only on the one hand,
- Necrosis of a pinched organ - tissue death begins immediately after the cessation of normal blood circulation in the affected organ. It is manifested by frequent urging to defecate, weight loss, severe vomiting, increased heart rate, low blood pressure, general weakness and severe abdominal pain. Also present is dry skin and oral mucosa,
- Peritonitis - occurs in the case of perforation of a pinched organ, it is necessary to immediately treat the patient to prevent death. It is manifested by a strong inflammation of the organs of the abdominal cavity, the skin is pale, the patient is covered with cold sweat, the face is changing, the “mask of suffering” appears, the person takes a forced position in order to slightly relieve the severe pain that cannot be removed without medical assistance.
Important! All presented states are life threatening and require surgical treatment, otherwise death occurs.
Radical treatment of the umbilical protrusion is possible by the method of tension and non-tension hernioplasty.
Performing an operation according to two main methods:
- tension hernioplasty - the surgeon uses the patient’s natural tissue, suturing the tendons and muscles to suture the hernia sac,
- non-tensioned hernioplasty - suturing the hernial defect is carried out with synthetic tissues, which significantly reduces the risk of recurrence.
Important! After the hernia is sutured with own tissues, very often seams break and the disease recurs, therefore it is rational to treat the patient in this way only if there are contraindications to other treatment options.
Before getting rid of the umbilical hernia with surgical treatment, doctors try conservative therapy, which is more often used for young children. Uncomplicated hernia gives in to a gradual reduction when wearing a supporting bandage, while the stomach and the hernia itself are protected from aggressive external influences. The patient should follow a medical diet to prevent constipation and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as visit the pool, heal hernia with physiotherapeutic methods and gradually get rid of associated diseases that cause most of the unpleasant symptoms.
Causes of umbilical hernia
Mostly umbilical hernias are formed in children. In newborns, normally, after the umbilical cord falls off, an adequate closure of the umbilical ring occurs, and the opening is obliterated (that is, emptied) by the scar-connective tissue. An important role in the issue of strengthening the area of concentration of the umbilical hole is given to the abdominal muscles, due to which an additional ring tension is produced. Until the completion of obliteration processes on the side of the umbilical ring, for any type of increase in intra-abdominal pressure, an exit to the umbilical space of the peritoneum, omentum and intestinal loops may occur. This is what the process of umbilical hernia formation looks like.
Accordingly, as the main cause of umbilical hernia, it is customary to consider hereditary weakness that is relevant to the peritoneal fascia. That is, when a parent has an umbilical hernia in childhood, the risk of this education of their child increases, and this is relevant in 70% of cases.
The formation of an umbilical hernia also occurs due to the baby’s crying, prematurity, increased gas formation in the intestines, and constipation. In some cases, a hernia appears in a child at the same time as he begins to walk, especially in the case of a very early vertical position.
An increased tendency to the formation of umbilical hernia is observed in children with congenital hypothyroidism, lactase deficiency, Harler's disease, dysbacteriosis, Down syndrome.
It should also be noted that, contrary to the prevailing notion that the umbilical hernia develops due to the incorrectness of the umbilical cord processing technique, this has nothing to do with the actual state of things, that is, there is no connection between the processing technique and the emergence of the umbilical hernia.
With regard to the causes of umbilical hernia in adults, obesity is considered as a predisposing factor, as well as ascites, abdominal injuries, a coughing type of hamper, scarring (after surgery), and heavy physical labor. Remarkably, the umbilical hernia in women is formed, as a rule, during the gestation period, which occurs as a result of the stretching to which the umbilical ring is subjected, the atrophy to which the tissues are exposed, the umbilical ring surrounding, and also due to the reduced resistance characteristic of the abdominal wall in relation to the increase in actual intra-abdominal pressure.
In women, umbilical hernias predominate due to the characteristics of the anatomical and physiological order, which in particular implies a greater width of the white line of the abdomen and a weakening of the concentration area of the umbilical ring, which occurs during pregnancy and during childbirth. In general, in adults, an umbilical hernia often occurs in combination with a diastasis of recti and with flabbiness of the abdomen.
Fetal hernia: features
An embryonic hernia is also considered as a umbilical hernia or omphalocele, which implies a developmental defect that arises due to the delay in the formation of the anterior abdominal wall in the fetus. Quite often (about 65% of cases) it is advisable to consider this pathology in combination with pathologies of another type, which also act as a malformation. In particular, underdevelopment of the diaphragm, ectopia of the bladder and heart, splitting of the pubis and sternum can accompany umbilical hernia.
Within the period of early development, the abdominal cavity of the embryo does not physically have the capacity to accommodate the rapidly developing intestine, which is why it concentrates in the umbilical cord sheath area outside the abdominal cavity (defined as “physiological embryonic hernia”). At the time of the birth of the baby completes the process of forming the abdominal wall.
Meanwhile, in those situations in which there is a delay in the process of rotation of the intestine, the abdominal cavity becomes underdeveloped or its development is accompanied by disorders associated with the closure of the anterior abdominal wall, resulting in certain internal organs outside of its limits, located in the umbilical cord. They are covered with amnion (a transparent type of shell), as well as Vartonian jelly with an inner shell (this shell in time for developmental delays in the later stage has time to develop into the peritoneum). From the top of the characteristic hernial protrusion or slightly to the left of this protrusion is an ordinary umbilical cord.
Based on a specific period of time with a concomitant arrest in the development of the abdominal wall, there are two main types of umbilical hernia: embryonic hernia (hernia with the inner shell, not yet formed into the peritoneum, with concomitant state of the liver, in which there is no glisson capsule with its simultaneous accretion with the umbilical cord) and hernia fetal (i.e. hernia, concentrated within the area of the umbilical cord).
In general, umbilical hernia is formed quite rarely, in one case for 5-7 thousand genera. Fetal hernias are more often formed than embryonic hernias. On a practical scale, the separation of umbilical hernias becomes important in accordance with the dimensions inherent to them, in particular, these are small hernias (p-ry up to 5 cm), medium hernias (ranging from 5 to 10 cm), as well as large hernias (p - gy exceed 10 cm).
The contents in the hernial protrusion in the framework of the consideration of embryonic hernias can be any viscera with the exception of the rectum. Particularly severe variants of the flow with the underdevelopment of the diaphragm in the splitting of a hernia can lead to a hernia even in the heart. In the case of embryonic hernia, their contents may include both the entire liver and a certain part of it.
Cases that are lighter in their own course (fetal hernia) are often characterized by attachment to the hernia as its contents of the small intestine loops. A feature of the hernia membranes is that they have rather thin walls, and therefore can freely rupture during childbirth, which will lead to eventration (loss of internal organs from the abdominal cavity due to the formation of a defect in its wall).
At the time of the birth of the infant, the outer sheath of the hernial formation is moist and transparent, however, already during the first day, it gradually dries out and then becomes fragile. Gradually, the membrane becomes covered with fibrin, after which an infection of the abdominal cavity occurs with the simultaneous development of peritonitis, which, in turn, ends in a fatal outcome. Based on the data available in a number of sources, mortality in the framework of the considered defect reaches 50-70%.
Treatment of umbilical hernia is quite difficult, especially when it comes to their considerable size. Rapid necrosis affecting avascular membranes of the hernial formation, as well as infection of the abdominal cavity - all this is the basis for urgent treatment, which must be done immediately after establishing the appropriate pathology of the diagnosis.
The treatment uses conservative methods and surgical methods. The first option is relevant in case of doubtfulness of the viability of the newborn against the background of severe forms of associated defects, in the presence of TBI or with a deep degree of prematurity. The main task in this case comes down to the prevention of peritonitis. Also, conservative treatment is suitable for very small sizes of hernia formation. As a contraindication to surgery, only extremely large sizes of hernial formation are considered, with their apparent incompatibility with the volume of the abdominal cavity.
Umbilical hernia in children: symptoms
The umbilical hernia in children acts as a defect in the development of the abdominal front wall. This pathology occurs in children quite often, and girls are twice more prone to its development. Primarily, the occurrence of a hernia occurs during the first months from the moment of birth.
In the diagnosis of umbilical hernia, as a rule, no difficulties arise. Thus, the child’s adoption of a vertical position, as well as the straining that occurs within the navel area, leads to the appearance of a characteristic oval or rounded protrusion. Bulging is usually done independently, when the child takes a horizontal position while lying on the back.
At the same time, the umbilical ring is easily palpable, expanding and acting as a hernia gate. This gate can have a sufficient width for the free exit of the hernia and its reduction into the abdominal cavity, which will exclude the possibility of causing additional concerns to the child, and the possibility of injury due to this pathology of internal organs. With a narrow hernial ring, anxiety of the baby is noted, crying. In this case, the process of reducing the hernial protrusion becomes more complicated. The condition of this can be regarded as an infringement. In the meantime, infringement in practice is quite rare, so there should be no particular anxiety about this.
Umbilical hernia in adults: symptoms
Based on the statistics of the 60s. umbilical hernias among the adult population accounted for about 5% of cases for all abdominal hernias. In the period 1975-1980, indicators for umbilical hernias amounted to 11.7% for all operated abdominal hernias (external), which determined for them the third place in terms of the incidence of hernias (for inguinal and postoperative). Regarding this trend towards an increase in prevalence, one can consider the factors that determine some explanations for it. So, this is an increase in the life expectancy of the population, an increase in the number of obese people, an extension of the medical indications for surgical treatment for this category of patients.
The vast majority of umbilical hernia occur in women aged 30 years and older. As for the clinic of concomitant hernia manifestations, it is determined based on the size of the hernial formation and the size of its hernial ring, the severity of the actual adhesion process, associated complications (their presence or absence, respectively), obesity (also acting as a concomitant or absent factor) .
Often, as we have already noted, the small size of the hernia does not bring the patient special concerns, which, in particular, can be said if there is a possibility of their reduction, as well as in the absence of a tendency to infringement.
The highest severity of clinical manifestations is observed with hernias that have significant size. This, in combination with a relatively narrow gate, makes it difficult for the passage through the intestines of its contents, resulting in patients with constipation, pain, in some cases nausea and vomiting. In particular, the indicated symptoms are expressed in case of hernias that are not subject to reposition. Often, the general condition of a hernia occurs against the background of obesity of patients and abdominal slackness, which, when combined with a hernial protrusion, causes a number of inconveniences for them.
Own features in the course of the disease contribute and relevant for the patient comorbidities. These include pronounced discomfort during walking or physical exertion, nausea and belching, flatulence, chronic constipation, rumbling in the abdomen, the appearance of pain cramping in nature (this is mainly true for the inclination of the hernia to incarceration, as well as for adhesive disease).
As for the noted infringement of the umbilical hernia, it is accompanied by the appearance of sharp and sudden pain, the appearance of blood in the feces, a pronounced manifestation of nausea and vomiting, a delay in the process of discharge of gases with defecation. When adopting a horizontal position, the hernia is not reset, there is also a characteristic strain of protrusion.
Diagnosing a hernia involves using the following methods:
- examination by the attending surgeon,
- X-ray of the duodenum and stomach,
- herniography (the method of introducing a contrast agent into the abdominal cavity in combination with x-rays, by means of this diagnostic approach, the possibility of studying a hernia is determined)
- Ultrasound of the protrusion area.
The operation of the umbilical hernia until 5 years of age is not performed, because, as there is reason to believe that the defect will be eliminated in an independent way. For the final cure of hernial education, children are recommended to have massage procedures of the relevant area, general strengthening type therapy, as well as physical therapy.
Treatment of umbilical hernia in adults is carried out exclusively by the method of surgical intervention performed in a hospital.
If symptoms accompany an umbilical hernia, you should contact a surgeon, general practitioner or pediatrician.
If you think you have Umbilical hernia and the symptoms characteristic of this disease, doctors can help you: surgeon, pediatrician, audiologist.
We also suggest using our online disease diagnostics service, which selects possible diseases based on the entered symptoms.
Intestinal dolichosigmoid is an abnormal condition in which the lengthening of the sigmoid colon (the final calving of the large intestine, which ends in the rectum) occurs. In some cases, dolichosigmoid can occur without any unpleasant symptoms throughout a person’s life. In this case, clinicians consider this a variant of the norm and a feature of the body structure. But still, more often, an elongated sigmoid colon gives a person a lot of inconvenience — unpleasant symptoms that complicate life appear. It should be noted that dolichosigma can develop in adults and children. There are also no restrictions regarding gender.
An inguinal hernia is a pathological formation that occurs when an organ located in the peritoneal region (large omentum, intestine, ovaries) leaves the abdominal wall through the inguinal canal. An inguinal hernia, the symptoms of which manifest themselves in particular in the form of a tumor-like protrusion localized in the inguinal region, as well as in pain sensations of varying degrees of intensity, is the most common variant of the formation of hernias.
Intestinal obstruction is a difficult pathological process, which is characterized by a violation of the process of release of substances from the intestine. This disease most often affects people who are vegetarians. There are dynamic and mechanical intestinal obstruction. In the case of the first symptoms of the disease should be sent to the surgeon. Only he can accurately prescribe treatment. Without timely help from the doctor, the patient may die.
It is no secret that microorganisms are involved in each person's body during various processes, including the digestion of food. Dysbacteriosis is a disease in which the ratio and composition of microorganisms inhabiting the intestine is disturbed. This can lead to serious violations of the stomach and intestines.
Intestinal colic - sharp pain in the intestines, which are paroxysmal and cramping in nature and occur on the background of a violation of the tone and peristalsis of the organ. Often, this pathology develops when overstretching of intestinal loops occurs, which leads to irritation of the nerve endings that are adjacent to its walls. According to ICD-10, the code of intestinal colic is not observed, as it is a consequence of other disorders in the gastrointestinal tract. However, according to ICD-10, this symptom refers to coding K59.9, which sounds like an “unspecified functional bowel disorder”.
With exercise and temperance, most people can do without medicine.
Features of umbilical hernia
And you know that the umbilical ring is the weakest part of the abdominal wall.
It is in this area that various bulges are formed. Through the ring can come gland, as well as intestinal loops. Hernia has a code mkb 10.
Here are some facts about this ailment:
- Among all hernias of the abdomen, this type takes about 5%.
- More often the disease occurs among women.
- For the first time this ailment was described as early as the 1st century AD by the ancient Roman physician Celsus.
The front and side walls of the abdomen are designed to protect internal organs, and in the middle of the abdomen there is a thin line that has virtually no protection.
The peculiarity of the hernia is that it can limit the activity of the patient.
Causes of umbilical hernia in adults
Consider the causes of this phenomenon in adults.
Here are the main ones:
- genetic predisposition
- weakening of the muscles of the abdominal wall,
- strong pressure inside the abdominal wall.
In the case of genetic predisposition, you need to protect yourself from significant stress and lifting all kinds of weights.
Many factors can affect the weakening of the muscles of the peritoneum:
- obesity and overweight,
- strong press loads
- lack of stress on the muscles
- abdominal trauma,
Significant intra-abdominal pressure results from such factors:
- persistent cough
- systematic constipation
- significant loads
- birth process.
After 30 years the risks of hernia formation during childbirth increase. How this tumor looks like can be seen in the photo.
Umbilical hernias are of two types:
- Free or reversible is easily relieved, and also disappears in the abdominal cavity when the patient is in a horizontal position. If you do not carry out treatment, she will move to another type and will need surgery.
- An unrecoverable hernia is characterized by the impossibility of correcting the bulge. In this case, adhesions occur when the tissues of the hernial orifice and hernia are spliced.
There are also congenital and acquired hernias. In the first case, the bulge appears in newborns.
It is diagnosed almost immediately after birth.
Looks like a hernia can be viewed on the video at the end of the article. It is important to know the symptoms of this disease.
After the occurrence of the disease in the umbilical region of the bulge is formed, which is easily set. In difficult situations, swelling no longer go inside the umbilical ring.
Such signs may appear:
- Painful sensations.
- Loss of internal organs in the opening of the ring.
- Pain when coughing and sneezing.
- There may be pain in the lower abdomen, in the stomach and nausea.
All symptoms are aggravated by exertion and physical exertion. Important symptoms include constant constipation.
Also worth knowing about the symptoms of women in the position.
As the reviews confirm, with such a problem, the navel starts to bulge strongly, when a probe is felt, a cavity can be felt, and in the stomach, clicks are felt, like bubbles burst.
Features of the disease in adults
Such a tumor can appear in any adult. Especially often it occurs in men and women who regularly lift weights.
In addition to examination, ultrasound and x-rays are used for diagnosis.
If there is no other way out, the operation to remove the bulge is applied. When hernioplasty internal organs are returned to the site.
Umbilical hernia is common in infants.
Here are the main causes of this disease in infants:
- Intrauterine pathology of the umbilical opening.
- The accumulation of large amounts of gases.
- Hereditary factor.
- Birth prematurely.
Constipation, coughing and crying can also cause unpleasant symptoms. In this case, children do not have painful sensations.
Features of treatment for older children
What to do in this case, tell an experienced doctor, but often the desired result can bring massage and exercise. This strengthens the muscular corset.
Exercise needs a child from birth. At the same time in a year the body itself will recover. With the right approach, the hernia is in the shortest possible time.
It is recommended to include squats, bends, turns and swinging with straight legs in the morning gymnastics.
Also effective and tempering procedures. In this case, the water jet should move clockwise in the navel.
This session should be carried out twice a day for a month.
The surgeon may recommend a bandage or a special plaster. Select such devices need to be recommended by a doctor.
Female abdominal muscles are not as well developed as male ones. Therefore, hernia is more common. Most often this happens after the birth of a child.
Bad habits can also trigger premature muscle aging.
During pregnancy, the uterus enlarges and stretches the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. This is not rare in multiple pregnancies.
In some cases, the hernia may resolve itself. This defect is not a contraindication for cesarean section.
During pregnancy, removal may be prescribed during incarceration.
In other cases, surgery is carried out after delivery after some time.
In such cases, bandage is often used, the price of which may vary depending on the quality of the material.
Special linen is also applied. Such devices can reduce the load on the muscles.
Remember that the bandage must be properly worn. If worn incorrectly, the fetus may be placed in the wrong position inside the uterus.
Umbilical hernia in adults may have complications. First of all, it is jamming. The contents of the hernial bag is pinched in the umbilical hole.
This complication is often caused by vomiting, nausea, pain, and high fever. A patient with such a problem requires urgent medical assistance.
Hernia inflammation may also occur.
This occurs when the hernia sac is infected. At the same time, a purulent process may develop, which can develop into inflammation of the entire abdominal cavity.
A similar problem is indicated by symptoms such as weakness, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
In the hernia may occur stagnation of feces. Such a phenomenon is called coprostasis. This complication develops very slowly, and is also characterized by pain in the abdomen and constipation.
This complication often occurs with a sedentary lifestyle and a violation of peristalsis.
If any complications can be observed such symptoms:
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Temperature rise.
- Acute pain in the area of the hernial sac and abdomen.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
If you have any of these symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help.
How to treat an umbilical hernia
Here are some methods of surgical intervention:
- tense hernioplasty is characterized by suturing the edges of the umbilical hernia, the contraction of muscles and connective tissue,
- with unstressed hernioplasty, a special mesh is used.
Massage is also an effective way.
Here are the movements you can use:
- circular motions from left to right,
- tingling around the navel to a slight redness,
- rubbing the muscles of the peritoneum towards the ribs. You can do and vacuum massage. Olive or massage oil should be applied to the skin.
Also used for the treatment of exercises and folk remedies. For example, you can make a compress from clay. It uses yellow and red clay.
Prevention needs to be done, especially if there is a genetic predisposition to the disease.
Do not forget about moderate exercise and maintaining a normal weight. You can strengthen the press to strengthen muscle tissue.
To avoid constipation, you need to eat right.
Special taking preventive measures should be given to pregnant women. You need to wear special underwear and bandage.
Such a measure will prevent a strong strain on the muscles.
Plays an important role and proper nutrition. At the same time the regular chair is adjusted.
Do not overtighten and consult a doctor when the first symptoms appear. Since prolonged illness can cause unpleasant symptoms.
Watch your health and do not allow complications. If you know any special exercises or recipes for such a disease, write in the comments.
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